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Ratanlal And Dhirajlal Ipc.pdf: The Classic and Authoritative Commentary on the IPC



What is Ratanlal And Dhirajlal Ipc.pdf?




If you are a law student or a professional in India, you might have come across a document called Ratanlal And Dhirajlal Ipc.pdf. This document is one of the most authoritative and comprehensive commentaries on the Indian Penal Code (IPC), which is the main criminal law of India. It was first published in 1896 by Ratanlal Ranchhoddas and Dhirajlal Keshavlal Thakore, two eminent jurists and scholars of Indian law. Since then, it has been revised and updated by several distinguished legal experts over the years. The latest edition of the document was published in 2019 by LexisNexis.




Ratanlal And Dhirajlal Ipc.pdf



Why is Ratanlal And Dhirajlal Ipc.pdf important?




Ratanlal And Dhirajlal Ipc.pdf is important because it provides a detailed and critical analysis of the IPC, covering its history, scope, principles, provisions, interpretations, case laws, amendments, and comparative perspectives. It is widely regarded as a classic and authoritative work on Indian criminal law, which has been cited and relied upon by courts, lawyers, academics, students, researchers, and policymakers. It is also a valuable resource for anyone who wants to understand the nature, structure, and functioning of the IPC and its implications for various aspects of society.


How to access Ratanlal And Dhirajlal Ipc.pdf?




There are different ways and sources to access Ratanlal And Dhirajlal Ipc.pdf. You can download or view the document online from various websites, such as:



  • LexisNexis, which is the official publisher of the document and offers a free preview of the first chapter.



  • Academia.edu, which is a platform for academics to share research papers and offers a free download of the document.



  • Internet Archive, which is a digital library of free books, movies, music, and more and offers a free view or download of the document.



You can also buy or borrow a hard copy of the document from various online or offline bookstores or libraries, such as:



  • Amazon, which is an online marketplace that sells books and other products and offers a delivery service.



  • Flipkart, which is another online marketplace that sells books and other products and offers a delivery service.



  • Universal Law Bookshop, which is an offline bookstore that specializes in law books and is located in Delhi.



  • LibraryThing, which is a cataloging and social networking site for book lovers and offers a list of libraries that have the document in their collection.



What are the main contents of Ratanlal And Dhirajlal Ipc.pdf?




Ratanlal And Dhirajlal Ipc.pdf consists of 23 chapters and 511 sections, covering the entire IPC from its introduction to its appendices. The following table summarizes the main contents of each chapter:



Chapter


Title


Main Contents


1


Introduction to Indian Penal Code


- The history, scope, and principles of the IPC- The sources, interpretation, and application of the IPC- The relation between the IPC and other laws- The amendments and reforms of the IPC


2


General Explanations


- The definitions, interpretations, and illustrations of various terms and concepts used in the IPC- The rules of construction and presumption for the IPC- The doctrine of mens rea and actus reus for the IPC- The classification and grading of offences under the IPC


3


Punishments


- The types, modes, and degrees of punishments prescribed by the IPC- The factors, principles, and objectives for determining punishments under the IPC- The discretion, variation, and limitation of punishments under the IPC- The execution, suspension, remission, and commutation of punishments under the IPC


4


General Exceptions


- The circumstances and conditions under which an act is not an offence or punishable by law- The exceptions based on justification, excuse, necessity, compulsion, consent, etc.- The burden of proof and evidence for claiming exceptions- The limitations and qualifications of exceptions


5


Abetment


- The meaning, elements, and kinds of abetment- The liability of abettors for their own acts and for the acts of others- The distinction between abetment and conspiracy, instigation, aiding, etc.- The defences and exceptions for abetment


6


Criminal Conspiracy


ingredients, and consequences of criminal conspiracy- The modes, stages, and evidences of criminal conspiracy- The liability of conspirators for their own acts and for the acts of others- The defences and exceptions for criminal conspiracy


7


Offences Against The State


- The offences relating to waging or attempting to wage war, sedition, and other acts against the state- The definition, scope, and elements of these offences- The punishment, trial, and evidence for these offences- The defences and exceptions for these offences


8


Offences Against The Public Tranquility


- The offences relating to unlawful assembly, rioting, affray, and other acts disturbing public peace- The definition, scope, and elements of these offences- The punishment, trial, and evidence for these offences- The defences and exceptions for these offences


9


Offences By Or Relating To Public Servants


- The offences committed by public servants or affecting their duties and functions- The definition, scope, and elements of these offences- The punishment, trial, and evidence for these offences- The defences and exceptions for these offences


10


Offences Relating To Contempt Of The Lawful Authority Of Public Servants


- The offences relating to disobedience, obstruction, resistance, or assault of public servants or their orders- The definition, scope, and elements of these offences- The punishment, trial, and evidence for these offences- The defences and exceptions for these offences


11


False Evidence And Offences Against Public Justice


- The offences relating to giving or fabricating false evidence, perjury, forgery, and other acts affecting public justice- The definition, scope, and elements of these offences- The punishment, trial, and evidence for these offences- The defences and exceptions for these offences


12


Offences Relating To Coin And Government Stamps


- The offences relating to counterfeiting or using counterfeit coin or government stamps- The definition, scope, and elements of these offences- The punishment, trial, and evidence for these offences- The defences and exceptions for these offences


13


Offences Relating To Weights And Measures


- The offences relating to using or tampering with false weights or measures- The definition, scope, and elements of these offences - The punishment, trial, and evidence for these offences - The defences and exceptions for these offences 14Offences Affecting The Public Health, Safety, Convenience, Decency And Morals - The offences relating to causing or spreading infectious diseases, adulteration of food or drugs, nuisance, obscenity, cruelty to animals, etc. - The definition, scope, and elements of these offences - The punishment, trial, and evidence for these offences - The defences and exceptions for these offences 15Offences Relating To Religion - The offences relating to hurting or insulting religious feelings, defiling places of worship, trespassing on burial grounds, etc. - The definition, scope, and elements of these offences - The punishment, trial, and evidence for these offences - The defences and exceptions for these offences 16Offences Affecting Human Body - The offences relating to homicide, hurt, grievous hurt, assault, kidnapping, abduction, rape, unnatural offences, etc. - The definition, scope, and elements of these offences - The punishment, trial, and evidence for these offences - The defences and exceptions for these offences 17Offences Against Property - The offences relating to theft, extortion, robbery, dacoity, criminal misappropriation, criminal breach of trust, cheating, fraud, mischief, etc. - The definition, scope, and elements of these offences - The punishment, trial, and evidence for these offences - The defences and exceptions for these offences 18Offences Relating To Documents And Property Marks - The offences relating to making or using false documents or property marks - The definition, scope, and elements of these offences - The punishment, trial, and evidence for these offences - The defences and exceptions for these offences 19Criminal Breach Of Contracts Of Service - The offences relating to deserting or disobeying the lawful service contracts - The definition, scope, and elements of these offences - The punishment, trial, and evidence for these offences - The defences and exceptions for these offences 20Offences Relating To Marriage - The offences relating to bigamy, adultery, cruelty by husband or relatives of husband, etc. - The definition, scope, and elements of these offences - The punishment, trial, and evidence for these offences - The defences and exceptions for these offences 21Defamation - The offence of harming the reputation of another person by words or signs - The definition, scope, and elements of this offence - The punishment, trial, and evidence for this offence - The defences and exceptions for this offence


22


Criminal Intimidation, Insult And Annoyance


- The offences of threatening, insulting, or annoying another person by words or signs- The definition, scope, and elements of these offences- The punishment, trial, and evidence for these offences- The defences and exceptions for these offences


23


Attempts To Commit Offences


- The offence of attempting to commit an offence punishable by the IPC- The definition, scope, and elements of this offence- The punishment, trial, and evidence for this offence- The defences and exceptions for this offence


Conclusion




In conclusion, Ratanlal And Dhirajlal Ipc.pdf is a document that provides a comprehensive and authoritative commentary on the Indian Penal Code. It covers the history, scope, principles, provisions, interpretations, case laws, amendments, and comparative perspectives of the IPC. It is a valuable resource for law students and professionals, as well as anyone who wants to understand the criminal law of India. It is available online and offline from various sources.


FAQs




Here are some frequently asked questions and answers about Ratanlal And Dhirajlal Ipc.pdf:



  • Who are Ratanlal and Dhirajlal?Ratanlal Ranchhoddas and Dhirajlal Keshavlal Thakore were two eminent jurists and scholars of Indian law who wrote the first edition of the commentary on the IPC in 1896.



  • What is the latest edition of Ratanlal And Dhirajlal Ipc.pdf?The latest edition of Ratanlal And Dhirajlal Ipc.pdf is the 34th edition, which was published in 2019 by LexisNexis.



  • How many chapters and sections are there in Ratanlal And Dhirajlal Ipc.pdf?Ratanlal And Dhirajlal Ipc.pdf consists of 23 chapters and 511 sections, covering the entire IPC from its introduction to its appendices.



  • What are some of the topics covered in Ratanlal And Dhirajlal Ipc.pdf?Ratanlal And Dhirajlal Ipc.pdf covers topics such as general explanations, punishments, general exceptions, abetment, criminal conspiracy, offences against the state, public tranquility, public servants, public justice, coin and stamps, weights and measures, public health, safety, decency and morals, religion, human body, property, documents and property marks, contracts of service, marriage, defamation, intimidation, insult and annoyance, and attempts to commit offences.



ajlal Ipc.pdf?You can find more information about Ratanlal And Dhirajlal Ipc.pdf from the sources mentioned in the article, such as LexisNexis, Academia.edu, Internet Archive, Amazon, Flipkart, Universal Law Bookshop, and LibraryThing. You can also consult other books, journals, websites, or experts on Indian criminal law.


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